The world is facing numerous environmental challenges and issues, which are becoming more complex and diversified with the passage of time. These diverse challenges encompass a wide range of issues, including marine pollution, e-waste management, biodiversity conservation, and many others. This book is an endeavour to highlight contemporary issues and challenges pertaining to varied environmental problems. The book also explores the interconnections and interdependence amongst these issues, providing a holistic views of the environmental issues in India. It contains twenty-two chapters contributed by researchers, academicians, industry experts and former civil servants. This book will serve the needs of academicians, lawyers, researchers, environmental activists, and policymakers.